Orthopedic conditions are issues that affect the musculoskeletal system, which include complications affecting bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage. These injuries can result in pain or swelling and often make everyday activities difficult to carry out. Orthopedic conditions may be limited to a single event, like an ACL tear or a broken bone, or they may be more chronic, resulting in discomfort that gradually worsens with age.
Common Chronic Orthopedic Conditions
There is a wide variety of chronic orthopedic conditions a person may be affected by. Some of these conditions are a result of muscle or tendon overuse, while others are a natural part of aging. Listed below are some of the most common orthopedic conditions that arise throughout the body:
- Arthritis – Arthritis is a term used to describe joint inflammation, which causes pain and stiffness in a part of the body, and which may worsen over time. The most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis, which generally affects the knee. Osteoarthritis involves the deterioration of cartilage, due to joint overuse or age, which causes the bones in the joint to rub together, leading to significant pain and swelling. Arthritis is often treated with pain medication, exercise, massage, and possible surgery.
- Bursitis – Bursitis is a specific type of joint inflammation that is localized to the fluid-filled pads, or bursae, of a joint. Bursitis most often affects the knee, shoulder, or elbow, and pain and swelling is usually treated with rest, ice, and pain relievers.
- Osteoporosis – Osteoporosis is a condition in which bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue. This is usually the result of hormonal changes or calcium or vitamin D deficiency. As a person ages, they are at greater risk for bone breakage, especially during a fall. The best way to prevent bone loss is to maintain a healthy diet, supplemented as needed with vitamins or medications, and to practice weight-bearing exercises.
- Tumors – Another common orthopedic condition are bone tumors. These unusual cell growths in the bone are usually not cancerous, but instead may be the result of abnormal healing, or inherited conditions. These tumors may be painful or painless, however, all require a medical diagnosis to be certain of the cause and severity of the condition. Bone tumors may be treated with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or other targeted treatment.
- General Pain – Besides the conditions above, orthopedic doctors often encounter other conditions resulting in joint, muscle, or bone pain. These might include tendonitis, fibromyalgia, or ligament tears.
Great Lakes Orthopaedics
If you’re seeking treatment for a chronic or acute condition, you can find support with Great Lakes Orthopaedics. Reach out today to learn more about our highly specialized orthopaedic treatments and get back to living your best active life.
The information in this article is provided for general information only. It is not intended as medical advice and should not be relied upon as a substitute for professional consultation with a healthcare provider familiar with your medical background and history.